new born infections

Common Infections in Newborns

Newborns are a blessing while also a constant concern at the same time. Whether you are a first-time parent or have several children, there are common infections in babies that are important to notice. Noting specific changes in their look and behaviour can help you know when to take immediate medical action to prevent newborn baby diseases, complications, and illness.

Here are some common symptoms of infections and illnesses to watch out for:

Excessive Crying/Irritability

Take note of the range of cries your newborn exhibits. All parents go through the process of
elimination with diaper changes, burping, feeding, and cuddling to soothe a newborn. If the
crying, irritability, or fussing continues, it could be your baby’s way of telling you he/she is in
pain from an illness.


A fever is one of the most common conditions in newborns. Babies are prone to bacterial and viral issues from colds, ear infections, urine infections, and stomach bugs. Newborns with a temperature of 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit or higher should be seen by a medical professional at a walk-in clinic as soon as possible.


Hiccups are a natural occurrence for everyone, especially newborns. These sounds occur when air is swallowed usually during feedings. While funny, hiccups are a sign of the baby’s breathing and brain developing.


When a newborn’s breathing sounds become noisy, it can be attributed to stuffiness within the nose. It becomes a concern with rapid breathing, accompanied with sweating, little to no breathing during feeds, or if the lips, palms, or feet/soles become blue or black.

Bowel Movements

One of the easiest scares for parents with newborns is the various colour and consistency changes of the bowel movements. In the days following birth, the bowel movements switch from dark green or black to yellow-green and very loose in consistency.

Abdominal Pain

Abdominal pain can be caused by gas experienced shortly after feeds, which can dissipate after burping. Common pains can be seen with dehydration, constipation, and gastroenteritis.

Umbilical Cord Infection

Within the first few weeks, a newborn’s umbilical cord stump dries up and falls off without assistance. Before or after this happens, there may be redness, swelling, and/or discharge. An infection may be involved with foul odours, blood, or pus present.


Diarrhea in newborns is different from regular loose bowel movements. Most diarrhea or vomiting cases are caused by a change in feeds but can also be caused by bacterial or viral infections or food sensitivities or allergies.


While it is common in the first week after birth due to an increased production of bilirubin, if it continues, contact your pediatrician in Brampton or visit a walk-in clinic. Signs of jaundice are yellow discolouration of the nail beds, eyes, skin, and urine.

Diaper Rash/ Skin Changes

New parents should know that every baby gets diaper rash from time to time. In most cases, it is not a sign of neglect. It can be caused by irritation, allergies, or an infection. Disposable diapers have a leak-guard barrier that can trap in the moisture, causing a rash or change in the skin condition.

Ear Infection

The fussing, crying, and discomfort of a newborn may be caused by a common ear infection. This form of infection can be present with fever and occur shortly after a cold.

Abdominal Distension

If you notice a belly distention, consider the timing. A newborn’s abdomen will feel soft between feedings. A hard or swollen belly can be caused by gas or constipation, but it may also be a sign of an intestinal issue if accompanied by vomiting or lack of bowel movements.


Newborns sleep, a lot. If you notice signs of sluggishness, lethargy, or unusual lack of energy, it can be a sign of a serious condition such as low blood sugar or that of an infection. Make sure to have your baby looked at by a medical professional at a walk-in clinic in Brampton.

Blue Baby

A blue hue on the hands, feet, tongue, or lips can be a natural reaction when a baby is crying hard or exposed to extreme cold temperatures for a few minutes. A natural rosy glow should return shortly. If the blue colouring persists, it could be a sign of a heart or respiratory condition.

Visit Heart Lake Health Centre’s Walk-in Clinic in Brampton

If you have any concerns or questions about the health of your newborn, contact Heart Lake Health Centre’s walk-in clinic in Brampton. Specializing in family health, we offer a range of services for preventive and continuous care. Call our walk-in clinic near you at (905)846-9255.

Heart Lake Health Center

For the past 25 years, Heart Lake Health Centre has been providing trusted medical services with dedicated industry professionals. Our team is combined of doctors who specialize in family medicine, urology, physical medicine, dermatology, pediatrics, podiatry, and cardiology. At Heart Lake Health Centre, our top priority is the health of you and your family’s. You can rely on our healthcare professionals to ensure an A-grade experience.